RSD SYNDROME

What is Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy(RSD)?

RSD, also known as Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy, describes a form of Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS).

What are the symptoms of Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy(RSD)?

Both RSD and CRPS are chronic conditions that cause severe burning pain that affects the arms, legs, hands, or feet. There are often some changes to bones and skin, excessive sweating, tissue swelling, and extreme sensitivity to touch, also known as allodynia. Some other symptoms include:

  • changes in skin temperature: warmer or cooler compared to the opposite extremity
  • changes in skin color: often blotchy, purple, pale, or red
  • changes in skin texture: shiny and thin, sometimes excessively sweaty
  • changes in nail and hair growth patterns
  • swelling and stiffness in affected joint
  • motor disability, with decreased ability to move affected body part

RSD is sometimes called Type I CRPS, which is triggered by tissue injury without nerve injury, while Type II CRPS refers to cases where a high-velocity impact occurred at the site and is clearly associated with nerve injury. RSD is unusual in that it affects the nerves, skin, muscles, blood vessels, and bones at the same time.

What are treatments for Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy (RSD)?

Some common therapies to reduce the symptoms of CRPS include:

  • Physical Rehabilitation
  • Desensitization
  • Non-steroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs
  • Anti-Convulsants
  • Tricyclic Antidepressants
  • Spinal Cord Stimulation
  • Psychological Support

What are the symptoms of Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy?

  • Burning pain
  • Skin is increasingly more sensitive to touch
  • Changes in skin temperature: warmer or cooler compared to the opposite extremity
  • Changes in skin color: often blotchy, purple, pale, or red
  • Changes in skin texture: shiny and thin, sometimes excessively sweaty
  • Changes in nail and hair growth patterns
  • Stiffness and swelling in affected joint
  • Decreased ability to move affected body part

What are the causes of Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy?

Though the cause of Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy (RSD) is not known, the condition is thought to be a malfunctioning of the sympathetic nervous system (some researchers are not sure. of this theory). Some conditions that can trigger RSD are sprains, fractures, surgery, damage to blood vessels or nerves, and certain brain injuries.

What are the treatments for Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy?

RSD is a treatable condition. Some treatment options include:

  • Medications: Ibuprofen or other NSAIDs,  oral corticosteroids, anti-depressants, blood pressure medications, anti-convulsants, and opioid analgesics are medications recommended to relieve symptoms.
  • Steroid Injections
  • Physical Therapy
  • Spinal cord stimulator
  • Pain pump implantation

If you or a loved one suffers from Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy, contact us. Let Nextgen Wellness give you the care you deserve.

Our mission is to help patients to return to work, improve their quality of life, reduce dependence on medication and healthcare providers, and avoid persistent injuries.

Related Links & Resources

Conditions & Services

Pain Management

Auto Injury

Workplace Injury

Personal Injury

Neck & Back Injury

Knee Pain

Joint Pain

Regenerative Medicine

Physical Therapy

Aquatic Therapy

Vestibular Rehab

Traumatic Brain Injury

We’re Always Just Around the Corner.

Our clinics are conveniently located to provide care for the DFW area.

Dallas, TX

7901 John Carpenter Freeway
Dallas, TX 75247

Click to Call Dallas Office

Telephone Receiver on Apple iOS 13.3 972-382-9992

Arlington, TX

801 Road to Six Flags West, Suite 146
Arlington, TX 76012

Click to Call Arlington Office

Telephone Receiver on Apple iOS 13.3 817-887-8182